Two UH Scientists Named to National Academy of Inventors

Mark Clarke, Wei-Chuan Shih Elected to First Class of NAI Senior Members

Mark Clarke
Mark Clarke, associate provost for faculty development and faculty affairs, has been named to the inaugural class of senior members at the National Academy of Inventors. Credit: TMC News
Wei-Chuan Shih
Wei-Chuan Shih, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, focuses on developing new sensing and imaging techniques. The new senior members will be recognized when NAI meets in Houston this spring.

Two researchers with the University of Houston have been named senior members of the National Academy of Inventors in recognition of their contributions to scientific and technological innovation.

Mark Clarke, associate provost for faculty development and faculty affairs, and Wei-Chuan Shih, associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, were named to the inaugural class of NAI senior members, a new category created to recognize active faculty members, scientists and administrators who have had success in patents, licensing and commercialization.

Senior members also are recognized for fostering a spirit of innovation within their institutions, while educating and mentoring the next generation of inventors.

Amr Elnashai, vice president of research and technology at UH, said the new category captures the range of innovation activities at the University.

“Dr. Clarke and Dr. Shih both have impressive records of producing impactful intellectual property and spurring innovation that is pertinent to the Houston region,” Elnashai said. “Their further efforts, including helping UH faculty commercialize technologies as well as working with graduate and undergraduate students to boost their entrepreneurial efforts, are a critical contribution to building the region’s innovation ecosystem.”

The inaugural class of senior members represents 37 research universities and government and nonprofit research institutes. The members are named inventors on more than 1,100 issued U.S. patents and will be recognized at the eighth annual NAI meeting, set for April 10-11 in Houston.

The academy also elects a class of fellows every year, awarded to academic inventors whose work has “made a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development and the welfare of society.” UH currently has 12 NAI fellows.

Clarke, who also is on the faculty of the Department of Health and Human Performance at UH, previously served as associate vice chancellor/vice president for technology transfer at the UH Division of Research, where he managed a portfolio of more than 360 patents covering a variety of technology sectors. In this role, he successfully led the effort towards UH being designated as an Innovation and Economic Prosperity (IEP) University by the Association of Public and Land Grant Universities (APLU) and receiving the 2014 APLU Economic Engagement Connections Award recognizing UH as the nation’s top IEP-designated university. He is principal investigator of the National Science Foundation-funded UH Innovation Corps Site, focused on developing STEM-educated entrepreneurs, and co-principal investigator of NextGen EnergyX, a Department of Energy-funded program to train the next generation of innovators and entrepreneurs drawn from underrepresented student groups.

He is a member of the executive committee of the Commission on Economic and Community Engagement for APLU.

Clarke has been awarded 13 U.S. patents and previously held executive positions with two startup companies, OsteoSphere, Inc. and Pilear Technologies LLC, both focused on commercializing technologies he developed during his scientific career at NASA and UH. Osteophere developed an orthobiologic technology to manufacture living human bone replacement material at low cost; Pilear Technologies worked with a technology to directly insert large macromolecules, such as proteins, antibodies and DNA, into the cytoplasm of living cells. He has also been awarded seven NASA Technical Innovation Space Act Awards for developing a range of technologies for use in human space exploration

Shih, whose NanoBioPhotonics Group focuses on developing new sensing and imaging techniques, has been granted 11 U.S. patents. The group has developed a number of technologies and devices with applications in fields including biomedicine and environmental testing. He has a broad IP portfolio including non-invasive glucose sensor developed at MIT, an offshore oil spill sensor developed at Schlumberger and plasmonic nanophotonic sensors and materials developed at UH.

He and a group of students gained attention in 2015 with the creation of an optical lens that could be used to convert an inexpensive smartphone to a microscope for less than a nickel a lens. They started a company, DotLens, to produce and distribute the lenses and their paper detailing the manufacturing process became the most downloaded paper of the year in the Journal of Biomedical Optics.

The researchers subsequently used funding from a NSF citizen science initiative to develop the technology into a test kit that consumers could use to test water for lead and other pathogens.