Methodology: Evaluating and explaining individual variation in health outcomes and health-related quality of life. Evaluating the effectiveness of health-related interventions, particularly clinical intervention. Contextual effects: how characteristics of the person, social and physical environments, and systems interact to affect health. Applying statistical models to health data, including generalized, multilevel, longitudinal, and latent variable models. Obesity, child obesity, physical activity, exercise, orthopedic surgery, health and wellness, quality of life.
Recent Publications and Research Activity
Active Externally Funded Research
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO):
Principal Investigator: Best Evaluation Tools and Techniques for Effective Recommedations for Policies (BETTER Policies): ACA Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration – Evaluation Center (Component B). October 2011 - September 2015.
Joe W. King Orthopedic Institute:
Principal Investigator: Clinical and Translational Methods and Outcomes in Orthopedic Surgery (Renewal 2). December 2014 - November 2017 (this project has been continuously funded since 2007). (co-Principal Investigator Mitzi Laughlin)
National Institutes of Health (NIH) – National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK):
Co-Investigator: Training Interventions and Genetic Exercise Response (TIGER). June 2010 - May 2015. (Principal Investigator Molly Bray)
National Institutes of Health (NIH) – National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS):
Biostatistician: Air Barrier System for the Prevention of Prosthesis-related Infections (SBIR Phase IIb). August 2010 to July 2017. (Principal Investigator Sean Self)
U.S. Department of Education – National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitaion Research (NIDRR):
Co-Investigator: Development of a Virtual Reality Weight Management Intervention for Mobility Impaired Women (GoWoman). November 2012 to October 2015. (Principal Investigator Margaret Nosek)
O’Connor DP, Fincher AL. Clinical Pathology for Athletic Trainers: Recognizing Systemic Disease, 3rd ed. (with Instructor’s Manual). Thorofare, NJ: Slack Incorporated, 2015.
Lee RE, Hallett AM, Parker N, Kao D, Modelska M, Rafai H, O’Connor DP. Physical activity policies, resource access, and norms in CORD Communities. Health Behavior and Policy Review. [Accepted].
Schottel PC, O’Connor DP, Brinker MR. Time trade-off as a measure of health-related quality of life: long bone nonunions have a devastating impact. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. [Accepted].
Bigley AB, Rezvani K, Pistillo M, Reed J, Agha N, Kunz H, O’Connor DP, Bollard CM, Simpson R. Acute exercise preferentially redeploys NK-cells with a highly-differentiated phenotype and augments cytotoxicity against lymphoma and multiple myeloma target cells. Part II: Impact of latent cytomegalovirus infection and catecholamine sensitivity. Brain, Behavior, and Immunology.[Accepted].
Leach HJ, O’Connor DP, Simpson RJ, Rifai H, Mama SK, Lee RE. The built environment for physical activity and prediction of cardiovascular disease risk in African American women: an exploratory decision tree analysis. Health Psychology. [Accepted].
O’Connor DP, Mama SK, Adamus HJ, Lee RE. Factorial invariance of the Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Survey (PANES) among residents of single vs. multi-family housing. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sports.[Accepted].
Lee RE, Hallett A, Parker N, Kudia O, Kao D, Modelska M, Rifai H, O’Connor DP. Development of the Policy Indicator Checklist: a tool to identify and measure policies for calorie-dense foods and sugar-sweetened beverages across multiple settings. American Journal of Public Health. 2015;105:1036-1043.
Ledoux TA, Leach HA, O’Connor DP, Mama SK, Lee RE. The association of binge eating and neighborhood fast food restaurant availability on diet and weight status. Public Health Nutrition. 2015;18:352-360.
LaVoy ECP, Bollard CM, Hanley PJ, Blaney JW, O’Connor DP, Bosch JA, Simpson RJ. A single bout of dynamic exercise enhances the expansion of MAGE-A4 and PRAME-specific cytotoxic T-cells from healthy adults. Exercise Immunology Review.2015;21:144-153. O’Connor, 3 of 55
LaVoy ECP, Hanley PJ, Bollard CM, O’Connor DP, Lowder TW, Bosch JA, Simpson RJ. A single bout of dynamic exercise enhances the generation of monocyte-derived-dendritic cells. Cellular Immunology. 2015;295:52-59.
Soltero EG, Hernandez D, O’Connor DP, Lee RE. Does social support mediate the relationship among neighborhood disadvantage, incivilities, crime and physical activity? Preventive Medicine. 2015;72:44-49.
O’Connor DP, Lee RE, Mehta P, Thompson D, Bhargava A, Carlson C, Kao D, Layne CS, Ledoux TL, O’Connor T, Rifai H, Gulley L, Hallett A, Kudia O, Joseph S, Modelska M, Ortega D, Parker N, Stevens A, the CORD team. Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration project: cross-site evaluation methods. Childhood Obesity. 2015;11:92-103.
Morris BJ, Haigler RE, O’Connor DP, Elkousy HA, Gartsman GM, Edwards TB. Outcomes of staged bilateral reverse shoulder arthroplasties for rotator cuff tear arthropathy. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2015;24:474-481.
Pourmoghaddam A, Dettmer M, O’Connor DP, Paloski WH, Layne CS. Identification of changing lower limb neuromuscular activation in Parkinson’s disease during treadmill gait with and without levodopa using a nonlinear analysis index. Parkinson’s Disease.2015; Article ID 497825: 8 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/497825.
Morris BJ, O’Connor DP, Torres D, Gartsman GM, Elkousy H, Edwards TB. Risk factors for periprosthetic infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery.2015;24:161-166.
Swanson EA, Garrard EC, O’Connor DP, Brinker MR. The results of a systematic approach to exchange nailing for the treatment of aseptic tibial nonunions. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2015;29:28-35.
Swanson EA, Garrard EC, Bernstein DT, O’Connor DP, Brinker MR. The results of a systematic approach to exchange nailing for the treatment of aseptic femoral nonunions. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2015;29:21-27.
Cross MB, Hallett AM, Ledoux TA, O’Connor DP, Hughes SO. Effects of children’s self-regulation of eating on parental feeding practices and child weight. Appetite. 2014;81:76-83.
Press CM, O'Connor DP, Elkousy HA, Gartsman GM, Edwards TB. Glenoid perforation does not affect the short-term outcomes of pegged all-polyethylene implants in total shoulder arthroplasty. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2014;23:1208-1207.
Artero EG, Jackson AS, Sui X, Lee DC, O’Connor DP, Lavie, CJ, Church TS, Blair SN. Longitudinal algorithms to estimate cardiorespiratory fitness: associations with non-fatal cardiovascular disease and disease-specific mortality. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014;63:2289-2296.
Downs ME, Hackney KJ, Martin D, Caine TL, Cunningham D, O’Connor DP, Ploutz-Snyder L. Acute vascular and cardiovascular responses to blood flow-restricted exercise. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2014;46:1489-1497.
Spielmann G, Johnston CA, O’Connor DP, Foreyt JP, Simpson RJ. Excess body mass is associated with T-cell differentiation indicative of immune aging in children. Clinical and Experimental Immunology. 2014;176:246-54.
Rodriguez AX, Olvera N, Leung P, O’Connor DP, Smith DW. Association between the summer season and body fatness and aerobic fitness among Hispanic children. Journal of School Health. 2014;84:233-238.
Elkousy HA, Romero JA, O’Connor DP, Edwards TB, Gartsman GM. Ultrasound and clinical evaluation of soft tissue versus hardware biceps tenodesis: Is hardware tenodesis worth the cost? American Journal of Orthopaedics. 2014;43:62-65.
LaVoy EC, Bigley AB, Spielmann G, Rector JL, Morrison MR, O’Connor DP, Simpson RJ. CMV amplifies T-cell redeployment to acute exercise independently of HSV-1 serostatus. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.2014;46:257-267.
Miller FL, O’Connor DP, Herring MP, Sailors MH, Jackson AS, Dishman RK, Bray MS. Exercise dose, exercise adherence, and associated health outcomes in the TIGER Study. Medicine and Science in Sports & Exercise. 2014;46:69-75.
Brinker MR, Hanus BD, Sen M, O’Connor DP. The devastating effects of tibial nonunion on health-related quality of life. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American). 2013; 95:2170-2176.
Hand G, Shook D, Paluch A, Baruth M, Crowley E, Jaggers J, Prasad V, Hurley T, Hebert J, O'Connor DP, Archer E, Burgess S, Blair S. The Energy Balance Study: the design and baseline results for a longitudinal study of energy balance. Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport. 2013;84:275-286.
Elkousy HA, Kannan V, Calder CT, Zumwalt J, O’Connor DP, Woods GW. Intra-articular morphine versus bupivacaine for postoperative pain management. Orthopedics. 2013;36:e1121-e1127.
Gartsman GM, Drake GN, Edwards TB, Elkousy HA, Hammerman SH, O’Connor DP, Press CM. Ultrasound evaluation of arthroscopic full-thickness supraspinatus rotator cuff repair: single-row versus double-row suture bridge (transosseous equivalent) fixation. Results of a randomized, prospective study. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2013;22:1480-1487. (2010 Charles S. Neer, II, MD Award for Outstanding Clinical Science Research, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons)
Brinker MR, O’Connor DP. Stakeholders in outcome measures: a review from a clinical perspective. Symposium: Carl T. Brighton Workshop on Outcome Measures in Orthopaedics. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2013;471:3426-3436.
O’Connor DP, Brinker MR. Challenges in outcome measurement: clinical research perspective. Symposium: Carl T. Brighton Workshop on Outcome Measures in Orthopaedics. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2013;471:3496-3503.
Braly HL, O’Connor DP, Brinker MR. Percutaneous autologous bone marrow injection in the treatment of distal meta-diaphyseal tibial nonunions. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2013;27:527-533.
Dettmer M, Pourmoghaddam A, O’Connor DP, Layne CS. Interaction of support surface stability and Achilles tendon vibration during a postural adaptation task. Human Movement Science. 2013;32:214-27.
Adamus-Leach HJ, Wilson PL, O’Connor DP, Rhode PC, Mama SK, LeeRE. Depression, stress and body fat are associated with binge eating in a community sample of African American and Hispanic women. Eating and Weight Disorders. 2013;18:221-227.
Knoblauch MA,O’Connor DP, Clarke MSF. Obese mice incur greater myofiber membrane disruption in response to mechanical load compared to lean mice. Obesity. 2013;21:135-43.
Adamus-Leach HJ, Mama SK, O’Connor DP, Lee RE. Income differences in perceived neighborhood environment characteristics among African American women. Environmental Health Insights. 2012;6:33-40.
Jackson AS, Sui X, O’Connor DP, Church TS, Lee D, Artero EG, Blair SN. Longitudinal cardiorespiratory fitness algorithms for clinical settings. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012;43:512-519.
Sui X, Jackson AS, Church TS, Lee D, O’Connor DP, Liu J, Blair SN. Effects of cardiorespiratory fitness on aging: glucose trajectory in a cohort of healthy men. Annals of Epidemiology. 2012;22(9):617-622.
Ledoux TA, Mama SK, O’Connor DP, Adamus HJ, Fraser ML, Lee RE. Home availability and the impact of weekly stressful events are associated with fruit and vegetable intake among African American and Hispanic/Latina women. Journal of Obesity. 2012; Article 737891 [online], doi:10.1155/2012/727891.
Edwards TB, Trappey GJ, Riley C, O’Connor DP, Elkousy HA, Gartsman GM. Inferior tilt of the glenoid component does not decrease scapular notching in reverse shoulder arthroplasty: results of a prospective randomized study. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2012;21:641-646.
Lee RE, O’Connor DP, Smith-Ray R, Mama SK, Medina A, Reese-Smith J, Banda JA, Layne CS, Brosnan M, Cubbin C, McMillan T, Estabrooks PA. Mediating effects of group cohesion on physical activity and diet in women of color: Health is Power. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2012;26:e116-e125.
McAlexander KM, Mama SK, Medina A, O’Connor DP, Lee RE. Concordance and correlates of direct and indirect built environment measurement among minority women. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2012;26:239-244.
Wilson PL, O’Connor DP, Kaplan CD, Bode S, Mama SK, Lee RE. Relationship of fruit, vegetable, and fat consumption and binge eating symptoms in African American and Hispanic or Latina women. Eating Behaviors. 2012;13:179-182.
Spielmann G, McFarlin BK, Smith PJW, O’Connor DP, Pircher H, Simpson RJ. Aerobic fitness is associated with lower proportions of senescent blood T-cells in man. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2011;25:1521-9.
Lee RE, Mama SK, Medina AV, Reese-Smith J, Banda JA, Layne CS, Baxter M, O’Connor DP, McNeill L, Estabrooks PA. Multiple measures of physical activity, dietary habits and weight status in African American and Hispanic or Latina Women: The Health Is Power (HIP) Project. Journal of Community Health. 2011;36:1011-1023.
Elkousy H, Gartsman GM, Drake GN, Sola W, Jr., O’Connor DP, Edwards TB. Retrospective comparison of free hand and ultrasound-guided shoulder steroid injections. Orthopedics. 2011;34(4):270. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20110228-11.
Lopez Y, III, O’Connor DP, Ledoux TA, Lee RE. Analysis of body composition methods in a community sample of African American women. Women & Health. 2011;51:709-723.
Lee RE, Medina AV, Mama SK, Reese-Smith JY, O’Connor DP, Brosnan M, Cubbin C, McMillan T, Estabrooks PA. Health Is Power: an ecological theory-based health intervention for women of color. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2011;32:916-923.
O’Connor DP, Mahar MT, Laughlin MS, Jackson AS. The Bland-Altman method should not be used in regression cross-validation studies. Research Quarterly in Exercise and Sport. 2011;82:610-616.
Lee SMC, Clarke MSF, O’Connor DP, Stroud L, Ellerby G, Soller BR. Effects of ambulation on oxygen saturation and hydrogen ion concentration in specific lower limb muscles assessed using near infrared spectroscopy. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2011;111:1705-1714. doi 10.1007/s00421-010-1797-8
O’Connor DP, Bray MS, McFarlin BK, Sailors MA, Ellis KJ, Jackson AS. Ethnic bias in anthropometric estimates of DXA abdominal fat: the TIGER study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2011;43:1785-1790.
Trappey GJ, O’Connor DP, Edwards TB. What are the instability and infection rates after reverse shoulder arthroplasty? Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 2011;469:2505-2511.
Stocks GW, O’Connor DP, Self SD, Marcek G. Directed air flow to reduce airborne particulate and bacterial contamination in the surgical field during total hip arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty. 2011;26:771-776.
McAlexander KM, Mama SK, Medina A, O’Connor DP, Lee RE. The concordance of directly and indirectly measured built environment attributes and physical activity adoption. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2011;8:72.
O’Connor DP, Gugenheim JJ. Comparison of measured and parent-reported height and weight in children and adolescents. Obesity. 2011;19:1040-1046.
Edwards TB, Stuart KD, Trappey GJ, O’Connor DP, Sarin VK. Utility of polymer cerclage cables in revision shoulder arthroplasty. Orthopedics. 2011;34(4). doi: 10.3928/01477447-20110228-13.
B.A. in Human Performance and Health Sciences at Rice University, 1991
M.S. in Physical Therapy at Texas Women's University, 1993
Ph.D. in Kinesiology at University of Houston, 2002