Duties of Officials

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T1302 A: Sheriff's duty to give bill of receipt for writs. [[1]]

M1304 A: Authority of undersheriff in regard to releasing prisoners. Release by undersheriff of prisoner committed by warden of the chace to the prison of Exeter. Matthew de Hethcote (sheriff) v. Robert de Stokheye (undersheriff). [2]

M1305 A: Itinerant bailiff cannot enter certain liberties without a non omittat order. Northamptonshire. Richard Mauncel de Haregrave v. Robert Stace de Kynebolton & William his son. [3]

H1307 A: Sheriff's bailiff's account. John de Wonere v. John de Acton. False imprisonment. John de Acton justified that Wonere as sub-bailiff of Walter de Kingeshemede (the sheriff's bailiff of Bradford hundred) rendered account for the bailiff and was imprisoned for the resulting debt. [4]

H1307 B: Duty of sheriff to give bill of receipt for writ delivered. Rex & William Gardyn v. Robert de Baiocis sheriff of Huntingdonshire. [5]

P1308 A: Misconduct of sheriff (William de Houk) [6] SJ

H1309 A: Norfolk sheriff's itinerant bailiff delivered writ monstravit and attaching party. [7]

T1310 A: Middlesex: undersheriff of Middlesex, Henry de Novo Castro, accused of maliciously abbetting a false robbery appeal [8] SB

H1313 A: Duties of the bailiff of Disce under the sheriff of Norfolk; complications that might arise from unfree status. [9]

M1313 A: Robert de Warwick, sheriff v. Richard Mautild de Westinton, Thomas Mautild de Westinton, Gilbert Cherle de Westinton, John West de Brode Caumpedene, Henry Mautild de Westinton, John de Cestre de BRode Caumpedene, Thomas atte Fortheye, Richard le Cherles, John Aleyn de Brode Caumpedene, William atte Halle, William son of Hugh de Brode Caumpedene, Roger Mautylde de Westinton, & William de Houland de Brode Caumpedene. Impeding the holding of the sheriff's turn in the hundred of Pershore. [10]

H1314 A: Cornwall. Sheriffs accused of false return (claiming prisoner is too ill to produce in court: languidus et moraliter vulveratus diversis vulveribus in capite quod de vita ejus desperatur vs. esse sanum et in bono statu) [11] SJ

T1315 A: Difficulty in executing order to restore seisin in execution of judgment in novel disseisin; tenement in East Greenwich. [12]

T1316 A: Thomas le Moigne de Billesfeld v. Thomas de Tuteleye & Simon Sacke de Louth. False imprisonment. Tuteleye pleaded that he was sheriff of Lincolnshire, and Moigne was his bailiff of Beltisloe hundred for the collection of money owed to the exchequer and for other duties. Because Moigne was in arrear by 63s for exchequer money on his account, Tuteleye arrested him. Moigne asserted that he held the bailiwick for a certain farm, half due at Michaelmas and half due at Easter; Tuteleye had asked him to pay the farm for the Easter term to come and when he did not pay, the sheriff imprisoned him thus unjustly. No verdict. [13]

T1318 A: Rex v. John le Feraunt, Peter Scarlet, Richard atte Pyrie, Richard atte Wode, and William atte Pyrie. Essex. Rescue from the sheriff of Simon Feraunt who had been arrested and bound and was being taken to Colechester. [14]

T1319 A: Misconduct of sheriffs: Wygorn', fictas and frivolas responses [15]; Wilt', insufficient response, fine 1 marca [16] SJ

P1323 A:Letter patent from Duke of Norfolk for his valettus Robert de Shelleye [17] SJ


M1342 A: Suffolk. Rex v. John Cromp bailiff of Henry earl of Lancaster in Suffolk. Duties in Bosmere and Clayton hundred for his life. [18] rcp

M1342 B: England. There was a report that prisoners of the Marshalsea were wandering outside the prison. Order thus to Thomas de Keteryngham, lieutenant of Walter de Manny knight warden of the prison that he answer for all the prisoners. All the names of the prisoners thus were enrolled here. [19] rcp

T1348 A: Royal grant to John de Padebury and Henry de Sulihull of the profits from judicial writs in both king's bench and common pleas for ten years in return for 280 marks/year. [20]

M1348 A: Yorkshire. Coroner presented for taking money for the execution of his duties. [21]

M1348 B: Yorkshire. Coroner presented for extortion. [22]

M1348 C: Yorkshire. Found by jury that John de Belelke and Thomas de Holme provisioners of grain for the king within the liberty of Howden by commission of Ralph de Hastings late sheriff of York took from Estrington 3 quarters of wheat, from Cliff 1 quarter of wheat, from Brakenholme 1 quarter of wheat, from Bolthorpe 5 quarters of wheat, each quarter worth 4s, between 11 and 12 Edward III and appropriated the grain to themselves and not to the use of the king. [23]

M1348 D: Yorkshire. Found by jury that William Kyngesman de Queldryk had attached Thomas de Newehagh parson of Welton in 13 Edward III and by extortion took from him 5s for better treatment in prison. [24]

M1348 E: Yorkshire. Found by jury that John Fraunceys servant of Edmund de Tychemersh warden of the king's horses by extortion took from the men of St Peter, York at Ulskelf 2 quarters of oats worth 4s and from Richard de Dyngelay at Osbaldwyk 8 quarters of oats worth 16s. in 12 Edward III. [25]

M1349 A: Middlesex. Powers of the king's tentmaker (pavilonarius) to cut down trees. [26]

H1350 A: Receipt and listing by John Longg lieutenenat of Walter de Manne marshall of king's bench of both prisoners and various instruments (detailed) for restraint of prisoners. [27] rcp

T1350 A: Northamptonshire. John de Sibford one of the bailiffs of Northampton (qui tam) v. John de Aston together with Thomas de Welton. In 1350 at the complaint of Sarra who was the wife of William de Wysebech he wanted to attach by chattels John de Aston to answer in the king's court of that town in a plea of debt. They did not permit him to so but rather assaulted him. Plea of not guilty. [28] rcp

E1350 A: Royal order to Shareshull to transfer the legal records of 1-13 Edward III to the treasury; Shareshull's response detailed the records delivered. [29] rcp

M1353 A: Indictment for murder taken by sheriff at sheriff's turn, accused found guilty and hanged [30] SJ

H1355 A: Gloucester. Because of the negligence of the clerk who wrote the writ of exigent, the name of Wiliam Elys, servant-at-arms, was put among the indicted felons [31] SJ

T1362 A: Delivery of writs to sheriffs. London. Geoffrey de Rokesdon v. John de Huntyngdon. Trespass false imprisonment. Plea that John had prosecuted a Statute of Laborers suit against Geoffrey in London returnable to common pleas. John delivered that writ to the sheriffs for execution, by virtue of which writ the sheriffs in the presence and by the prosecution of JOhn attached and imprisoned Geoffrey (idem Johannes liberavit vicecomitibus civitatis predicte ad executionem inde faciendum, qui quidem vicecomites ipsum Galfridum virtute brevis predicti in presencia et ad prosecutionem eiusdem Johannis attachiaverunt et imprisonaverunt). [32] rcp


H1379: John Vynter brought a bill against Robert de Goldyngton, former sheriff of Hertford, accusing him of delaying execution of two writs which were handed over to him at Ghesthunt and which were returnable in the Court of Common Pleas for a bribe of 20s. Robert's defence was that the writs were delivered to him too late, that is to say four days before the return day (octaves of Martinmas) [33]



M1435 A: Wiltshire. Richard Furbour, bailiff of sheriff of Wiltshire, is attacked at 'Netherwston' by Walter Smyth of 'Wynterbournbasset', husbondman, during the attempt to arrest Walter to answer in a plea of debt. One of Walter's weapons was a 'mortiferium', some kind of knife. Note that the word does not appear in the Medieval Latin Dictionary [34] SJ


T1457: Memorand(um) that for as moche as grete trobles, sotiltes, falshodes and disceites have ben caused and doon byf(ore) this tyme in the kynges courte of the co(mmon)e place aswell for lakke of attendaunce of the officers of the same place as by comers and sitters w(ith)ynne the same that be not sworn ne have not to don wythinne, ther ben certeyn ordi(na)nces made atte this utaffe (octave?) of Seynt John the Baptest the yere of the reign of Kyng Henry the Sexth after the conquest xxxvth by John Prysot, Chyeff Justice of the seid place by the a(d)vice of all the juges of the same in the fourme folewyng.

First that every prenotary, filoser, exigender, kingis clerk and every other officer of the same place such as they and their predecesso(r)s have usid to ocupie (t)here offices in (t)here p(ro)pre p(er)sone and they or (t)her deputes sworn that have used to ocupie (t)her offices by (t)her deputes, from hennysforth attende upon (t)her seid offices in (t)her places accustomyd for the same and ocupye them in (t)her p(ro)pre p(er)sone upon payne of forfaiture and lesyng of (t)her seid offices, alway forseyn that yf any of the seid officers or deputes for sekenesse or other causes resonable be licenced or hadde excused by the Chyeff Justice of the same place for the tyme beyng, that he be not pundisid (punished?) by this ordinaunce.

It(e)m that noon of the seid officers no(r) deputes take upon theym to licence or do sette ony clerke or other in ony of (t)her places or by them to ocupye in (t)her seid offices or for ony other cause w(ith)out licence of the Chief Justice for the tyme beyng, savyng suche as have been accustomyd to have (t)her clerk syttyng by them, that is to witte everich of two prenotaries ii clerkys, the clerk of the scretis(securities?) ii clerkis, the keper of the writtis or his depute i clerk, upon peyn of imprisonment and makyng fine to the kyng therfore, nothir that noo man take upon hym to sytte wythinne the seyd comyn place that is noon officer ne hathe no place w(ith)ynne, w(ith)out leve of the said Chieff Justice or justices upon the same peyne.

It(e)m that noon attorney no(r) noon othir make ony maner writte or p(ro)cesse in ony officers n(ame) (…) the same place, savyng only every officer in his owne name, no(r) entirmete (intermit?) of ony othir (…) office no(r) of ony thyng that p(er)teyneth therto w(ith)out leve of the  Chief Justice of the s(ame) (…) for the tyme beyng or of the same officer in whos name he wryteth, and that the seid (…) wille avowe and afferme the same upon peyne of imprisonment and makyng fyne to the kyng as is byfore seid. [35] VM







H1590 A: Indenture between Clement Paston of Oxned esquier sheriff of Norfolk and Henry Rolfe of Ipswich gentleman in the appointment of Rolfe as the undersheriff of Paston; a case based on the accompanying performance bond. [36] rcp