Dr. Adry Bissada
Director of CPG-UH, Research Professor
Department and/or Research Center: Center of Petroleum Geochemistry, Science and Research Building 1, Room 103 & 105
- Research Areas:
- Quantitative hydrocarbon generation & migration analysis
- Reservoir characterization & production monitoring
Quantitative hydrocarbon generation & migration analysis
- Petroleum system characterization
- Source rock heterogeneity and causes
- Impacts of the kerogen isolation process
- Factors Controlling natural gas generation and migration
- Uncertainty determination in hydrocarbon generation
- Geochemical inversion & hydrocarbon provenance analysis
Reservoir characterization & production monitoring
- Criteria for fluid compartmentalization mapping
- Zonal allocation of multi-pay
- Commingled production streams
- Monitoring effect of gas and/or water injection in secondary & tertiary recovery
- High-resolution organic & inorganic fingerprinting and chemo-stratigraphy within mudstone reservoirs – Gauging vertical drainage height / extent of hydrocarbon mixing within low-permeability “flow units” and changes over time.
- HC-mobility determination in “Shale-Play” sweet-spotting via Thermo-Vaporization Evolved-gas Analysis (TV-EGA) & tandem GC-MS analysis (Py-GC-MS)
- Thermal maturity assessment in vitrinite-deficient lithologies – Direct thermal maturity measurements in Lower Paleozoic plays; in distal, fine-grained, carbonate-rich lithologies; in liquids-rich/oil-saturated mud-rock reservoirs (Ro suppression)
- Better understanding of generation, expulsion & retention in petroleum systems – Optimize appraisal and exploitation of conventional & unconventional HC resources
- Risk-based modeling of hydrocarbon generation, accumulation, migration & entrapment. Coping with geologic/geochemical uncertainties in resource assessment in conventional and unconventional systems
- Forecasting H2S formation (reservoir souring) in the course of thermal oil recovery operations (IOR/EOR) – Strategies for pre-injection impact studies for steam & water-flood projects
- Geochemical Inversion – Better means for inferring source-rock properties/identity from reservoir fluid composition
- Reservoir fluid characterization for reliable fluid connectivity assessment & time-variant production allocation in conventional & unconventional reservoir systems
- Age-determination of hydrocarbon fluids – Molecular and isotopic approaches suitable for both oil and gas
- Non-hydrocarbon components in natural gas – understanding origin and controls on distribution
- Play-focused petroleum system studies
- Total Organic Carbon (TOC) / RockEval Pyrolysis
- Ultra-Pure Kerogen Isolation
- Organic Microscopy (Ro, TAI, TCI, Kerogen Type)
Quantitative bitumen extraction
- Soxhlet Extraction
- Dean Stark Extraction
- Liquid-liquid extraction
High-resolution HPLC for SARA and PIN separations of crude oil or bitumen
High-Resolution full range Gas Chromatography for natural gas and crude oils
- Extended-range natural gas analysis (C1 to C10 Hydrocarbons plus CO2, N2, O2, etc.)
- Whole-oil high-resolution GC (include C7 isomers)
- Saturate or Aromatic fraction GC (performed on either Saturates or Aromatics fraction)
High-Resolution Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry for crude oil or Bitumen
- Quantitative Saturated biomarker GC/MS
- Quantitative Aromatic biomarker GC/MS
- Diamondoids GC/MS
GC/MS-MS Simultaneous high-res. analysis of Sat., Arom., Diamondoids in Crudes
Thermo-vaporization in-tandem with GC – GC/MS – GC/MS-MS
Micro-scale Pyrolysis in-tandem with GC – GC/MS – GC/MS-MS
Stable Isotope Analysis
- Compound-specific carbon & hydrogen isotopes in natural gas (C1,C2,C3,iC4,nC4, CO2)
- Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen & sulfur isotopes in kerogen, source rocks & crude oils
Large-scale Laboratory Pyrolysis & Subsurface Thermo-chemical Process Simulation
For Organic and Petroleum Geochemistry
- Agilent 5977A Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer
- Agilent 7000 GC/MS/MS (GC/QQQ)
- Agilent 7890B Gas Chromatograph (GC) with Cryogenic Capabilities (Natural Gas Analysis: C1- C8, CO2, N2, O2, H2S, etc.
- Agilent LC/MS/MS
- Hewlett Packard 5890 GC Natural Gas Analyzer
- Hewlett Packard 5890 GC/HP 5971 MSD
- Hewlett Packard 6890 GC
- LECO CS230 Carbon/Sulfur Analyzer
- Horiba EMIA-220V Carbon/Sulfur Analyzer
- Vinci RockEval II+ Pyrolysis Analyzer
- Frontier Micro-Pyrolysis System – Evolved-gas-analysis (EGA) and Heart-cut Pyrolysis-GC-MS
- Ontex-Technology SARA/PIN HPLC Group-Type Separation (Crudes/Bitumen)
- Thermo Delta-V GC-C-Py Isotope-Ratio Mass Spectrometer with Elemental Analyzer C, H, N and S Isotopes in Natural Gas, Crude Oils, Kerogen, and Source Rocks
- Finnigan MAT - 252 GC-Combustion-Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer (GC-C-IRMS)
- Finnigan Delta S Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometer (IRMS)
- Mettler PAAR Microdensitometer
- Soxhlet Extractors (Small, Medium and Large size apparatus)
- Dean-Stark Extractors for Oil Saturation (So) and Water Saturation (Sw) Analysis
- Proprietary Kerogen Isolator System: Separation of Ultra-Pure Kerogen from Source Rocks
- Zeiss Universal Microscopes with Reflected-Light Photometry
- Zeiss Universal Microscopes with Transmitted FO spectrometer system for TCI (In progress)
- Leitz Microscope: With Transmitted Light and Fluorescence Capability for VKA/TAI
- Hydrous and Anhydrous Pyrolysis Experimentation Facility
For Inorganic Geochemistry
- Agilent 725 ICP-OES: Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometers
- Agilent 4200 MP-AES: Microwave Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometer
- Agilent 8800 ICP-QQQ
- Cetac LSX-213 Laser Ablation System
- Photon-Machines Inc. Analyte 193 Laser Ablation System
- TIMS Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer
- MC-ICP-MS , Multi-Collector ICP Mass Spectrometry with Laser Ablation Capability
- Varian 810 ICP-MS: Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer with ICP Ion Source
- Cameca SX-50 Electron Microprobe
Recover ultra-pure kerogen from mudstone reservoirs & gas-shales
- Description: Isolate high-purity kerogen from core samples for use in diverse geochemical and petrophysical characterization projects
- Work Scope: Process core samples in order to yield high-purity kerogen devoid of mineral matter / pyrite
- Status: Ongoing
- Description: Quantitative and qualitative assessment of sulfur-bearing components in rocks, kerogen and crude oil
- Work Scope: Separate and collect kerogen-S, Oil-S, Pyritic-S, sulfate-S from rock samples and analyze their S-isotope compos.
- Status: Ongoing
Develop novel group-type separation methods for high-resolution Sats., Aromatics., Resins, & Asphaltenes, and for sep. of the n-alkanes, iso-alkanes, and cyclo-alkanes in crude oils and bitumens
- Description: Apply soxhlet extraction to recover bitumen from hydrocarbon-rich rocks. Carry out the analyses of the bitumen and crude oils into their respective SARA and PIN fractions using the unique, state of the art HPLC system.
- Work Scope: Process batches of rock samples received from research-sponsors. Utilize large-sized and small-sized extractors to obtain total bitumen yield from sets of samples from sponsors
- Status: Ongoing
Eagle Ford Oil Fingerprinting and Correlation Study
- Description: Address what is the vertical drainage height of Eagle Ford wells; how does vertical drainage height change over time
- Work Scope: Use biomarkers, whole oil ∂ 13C, ∂ 34S and Trace elements to correlate produced oils back to their layer(s) of origin in the reservoir.
- Status: Completed
In-lab steam-flooding simulation
- Description: Hydrous pyrolysis of crude oils in mineral matrix at various temperatures and durations to determine rate of H2S generation (Kuwait, Venez.)
- Work Scope: Collect and analyze yielded products and conduct mass-balance calculations
- Status: Completed
Develop means for thermal maturity determinations in vitrinite devoid rocks
- Description: Accurately measure vitrinite reflectance and spectral characteristics of transmitted light to tune and calibrate the new maturity parameter in numerous basins
- Work Scope: Obtain vitrinite reflectance measurements and transmitted-light spectra from kerogen in various geologic settings
- Status: Ongoing
Isotope analysis on crude oils and natural gases from around the world.
- Description: Determine Carbon and Sulfur isotope compositions of methane and H2S in crudes and natural gas samples from numerous basins
- Work Scope: Measure C and S isotope signatures in crude oil and natural-gas samples from around the world.
- Status: Ongoing
Current Collaborators and/or Post Docs/Students:
Dr. K. K. (Adry Bissada), Research Professor
- Petroleum Geochemistry, Petroleum System Analysis, Shale-play analysis
Dr. Thomas B. Malloy, Senior Scientist
- Oil Fingerprinting, GC/MS, GC/MS-MS, Shale-play anal., Py- GC & Py-GC/MS
Dr. John F. Casey, Professor
- Oil Fingerprinting ‘w Multi-element anal., QQQ ICP-MS and ICP-OES, 51V isotopes
Dr. Joseph Curiale, Research Scientist, Adjunct Professor
- Petroleum Geochemistry
Dr. Regina Capuano, Associate Professor
- Geology, Hydrogeology, Geochemistry, Environmental Science
Dr. Michael T. Myers, Associate Professor
- Geomechanics & Petrophysics
Dr. Lori Hathon, Assistant Professor
- Petrology, Petrophysics
Dr. Qi Fu, Assistant Professor
- Organic Geochemistry
Dr. Anthony (Nick) Fuex, Consulting Geologist/Pet. Geochemist
- Geology & Petroleum Geochemistry
Mr. Angel Callejon, Research Scientist
- Petroleum Systems Modeling
Dr. Yongjun Gao, Associate Professor
- Extra-low S in condensates & crude oils by micro-wave digestion & QQQ ICP-MS
Dr. Tao Sun, Research Scientist
- Stable Isotopes (CHNSO) Geochem., GC/IRMS, Ultra-pure kerogen w’ Critical Point Drying
Dr. Etuan Zhang, Research Scientist, Adjunct Professor
- Petroleum Geochemistry, Sub-surface Thermo-chemical Process lab. simulation
- Malloy, T. B., Mei, M., Bissada, K. A., Thermal-Vaporization/Pyrolysis and Evolved Hydrocarbon Analysis from Source Rocks and Mud-rock Reservoirs. Manuscript Submitted on 2019.
- Mei, M., Bissada, K. A., Malloy, T. B., Darnell, L. M., & Liu, Z. (2018). Origin of condensates and natural gases in the Almond Formation reservoirs in southwestern Wyoming, USA. Organic geochemistry, 124, 164-179.
- Mei, M., Bissada, K. A., Malloy, T. B., Darnell, L. M., & Szymcyk, E. B. (2018). Improved method for simultaneous determination of saturated and aromatic biomarkers, organosulfur compounds and diamondoids in crude oils by GC–MS/MS. Organic Geochemistry, 116, 35-50.
- Gao, Y., Casey, J. F., Bernardo, L. M., Yang, W., & Bissada, K. A. (2018). Vanadium isotope composition of crude oil: effects of source, maturation and biodegradation. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 468(1), 83-103.
- Bissada, K. K., Tan, J., Szymczyk, E., Darnell, M., & Mei, M. (2016). Group-type characterization of crude oil and bitumen. Part I: Enhanced separation and quantification of saturates, aromatics, resins and asphaltenes (SARA). Organic geochemistry, 95, 21-28.
- Bissada, K. K., Tan, J., Szymezyk, E., Darnell, M., & Mei, M. (2016). Group-type characterization of crude oil and bitumen. Part II: Efficient separation and quantification of normal-paraffins iso-paraffins and naphthenes (PIN). Fuel, 173, 217-221.
- Denet Pernia, K.K. (Adry) Bissada, Joseph Curiale, 2015, Kerogen based characterization of major gas shales: Effects of kerogen fractionation: Organic geochemistry, 78, 52-61.
- Laurent, Fabrice. Jean-Michel Minvielle, Jacques Connan, Mike Darnell, K. K. Bissada, et Pierre Poveda, 2011, The Gallo-Roman dug-out of Sassenay. Revue Archéologique de l'Est, t.60, 2011. P.537-552.
- Banga, Tat, R.M. Capuano, and K.K. Bissada, 2011, Petroleum Generation in the SE Texas Basin - Implications to Hydrocarbon Occurrence at the S. Liberty salt dome: AAPG Bulletin, v. 95, no.7, pp. 1257–1291.
- Ibrahimov, Rovshan A. and K.K. Bissada, 2010, Comparative analysis and geological significance of kerogen isolated using open-system (palynological) versus chemically and volumetrically conservative closed-system methods: Organic Geochemistry v. 41 pp. 800–811.
- Charrié-Duhaut, Jacques Connan, Mike Darnell, K. K. Bissada, 2009, Molecular and isotopic characterization of organic samples from the wreck of the Saint-Etienne marchant ship (XVIIIth century): Identification of pitch, hait and sulfur. Organic Geochemistry 40, 647-665.
- Bissada, K. K., Ewa B. Szymczyka, and David G. Nolte, 2005, Enhanced SARA group-type separation in crude-oil and bitumen characterization: 6th International Conference on Petroleum Phase Behaviour & Fouling, June 19th -23rd, 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
- Bissada, K. K., Ewa B. Szymczyk, and David G. Nolte, 2004, Enhanced SARA and PIN group-type separations and quantification in crude-oil and condensate characterization: The 5th International Conference on Petroleum Phase Behaviour and Fouling: June 13 - 17, 2004, Banff, Alberta Canada.
- Szymczyk, Ewa B., David G. Nolte, and K. K. (Adry) Bissada, 2003, Enhanced SARA and PIN group-type separations and quantification - mass balance conservation in crude-oil and condensate characterization: 21st International Meeting on Organic Geochemistry, Krakow, Poland, 8-12 September 2003.
- Socki, Richard A., Everett K. Gibson, Jr., and K. K. (Adry) Bissada, 2005, Contribution of organic material to the stable isotope composition of some terrestrial carbonates as analogs for Martian processes: The 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, March 14–18, 2005, League City, Texas.
- Bissada, K. K., A. F. Callejon, E. Caballero-Garcia, H. Ramos-Gallardo, and N. H. Quinones, 2002, Biogenic methane in the Gulf of Mexico basin – Significant resource or secondary contaminant: AAPG Annual Meeting, March 10-13, 2002, Houston, Texas.
- Quinones, N. H., A. F. Callejon, E. Caballero-Garcia, H. Ramos-Gallardo, L. W. Elrod, and K. K. Bissada, 2001, Recognition of reservoir heterogeneity from composition of natural gases in Southern Gulf of Mexico fields: SPE Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston.
- Caballero, E. G., A. F. Callejon, N. H. Quinones, L. W. Elrod, and K. K. Bissada, 2000, Exploration and reservoir heterogeneity implications of the composition of natural gas in the Macuspana basin, Southern Gulf of Mexico: AAPG Ann. Mtg., New Orleans, Louisiana.
- Abu-Ali, M. A., J. E. Lacey, K. K. Bissada and J. G. McGillivray, 1998, Novel approach to integration of geology and geochemistry into basin modeling and exploration risk analysis - process and case study from central saudi Arabia: AAPG/SEG "Geo ‘98 Conference", Bahrain.
- Robison, C. R., L. W. Elrod, and K. K. Bissada. "Petroleum generation, migration, and entrapment in the Zhu 1 depression, Pearl River Mouth basin, South China Sea." International Journal of Coal Geology 37.1-2 (1998): 155-178.
- Elrod, L. W., K. K. Bissada, J. E. Lacey, L. Vierma, and P. A. Kelley, 1997, A multi-parameter statistical approach for geochemical definition of reservoir compartments, Centro Lago Field, Venezuela: The Fifth Chemical Congress of North America, Cancun, Mexico, November 11-15.
- Robison C. R., and K. K. Bissada, 1996, Inferred oil migration in the Zhu I Depression, Pearl River Mouth basin, South China Sea: 5th Circum-Pacific Energy and Min. Res. Conf., p. 595-597.
- Imbus, S. W., Tawsak Urwongse and K. K. Bissada, 1995, Geologic and geochemical systematics of the occurrence of non-hydrocarbon gases: Towards working models to forecast CO2, H2S and N2 in natural gas: 210th Nat. Meeting Am. Chem. Soc., Chicago, Il. August 20-24.
- Bissada, K. K., L. W. Elrod, C. R. Robison, L. M. Darnell, H. M. Szymczyk and J. L. Trostle, 1993, Geochemical inversion - A modern approach to inferring source-rock identity from characteristics of accumulated oil and gas: in Energy Explor. & Exploitation, v.11, p. 295-328.
- Liu, J., Ian Lerche, K. K. Bissada and J. Lacey, 1992, The Georges Bank Basin: A quantitative basin analysis study, Terra Nova, v. 3, p 70-83.
- Liu, J., Ian Lerche, K. K. Bissada and J. Lacey, 1992, An end-member sensitivity analysis of vitrinite reflectance distributions for the COST G-2 well in the Georges Bank basin: Org. Geoch. v.18, p. 385-396.
- Van Gijzel, Peter, C. R. Robison, M. A. Smith, K. K. Bissada, Ian Lerche and Jianchang Liu, 1992, Thermal history modeling of the Georges Bank, U.S.A.: Thermal inversion of transmittance color index (TCI) and Vitrinite reflectance (Ro) data: App. Geoch., v.7, p.135-143.
- Bissada, K. K., B. J. Katz, S. C. Barnicle, and D. J. Schunk, 1990, On the origin of hydrocarbons in the Gulf of Mexico basin - A reappraisal: in Schumacher, D. and Perkins, B. F. (ed.) Gulf Coast Oils and Gases; Proc. of the 9th An. Res. Conf., Gulf Coast SEPM Foundation, p.163-171.
- Katz, B. J., K. K. Bissada and J. W. Wood, 1987, Factors limiting potential of evaporites as hydrocarbon source rocks. AAPG Convention, AAPG Bull. v. 71, p. 575. Invited “Best of AAPG paper” at 57th. SEG Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Abs., Tech Program p. 281-283.
- Kelley, P. A., K. K. Bissada, B. H. Burda, L. W. Elrod and R. N. Pheifer, 1985, Petroleum generation potential of coals and organic rich deposits: Significance to exploration in Tertiary coal-rich basins: Proceedings of Fourteenth Annual Convention Indonesian Petroleum Association, v.2, p. 3-21.
- Elrod, L. W., K. K. Bissada and E. L. Colling, 1985, Alaskan north slope oil-rock correlation: in AAPG Studies In Geology No. 20, (ed. by L. B. Magoon & G. E. Claypool), p. 233-241.
- Bissada, K. K. 1983. Petroleum generation in Mesozoic sediments of the Moray Firth Basin, British North Sea: in Advances In Org. Geochemistry. 1981 (ed. Bjoroy, M., et al.), John Wiley & Sons Ltd., p. 7-15.
- Bissada, K. K., 1982. Geochemical constraints on petroleum generation and migration: Proceedings ASCOPE '81, Manila, the Philippines, p. 69-87.
- Bissada, K. K., Johns, W. D., 1969, Montmorillonite-organic complexes - Gas chromatographic determination of energies of interaction: Clays and Clay Minerals v.17, p197-204.
- K.K. Bissada, W.D. Johns and F.S. Cheng. Cation-Dipole Interactions in Clay Organic Complexes. 1967. Clay Minerals v.7. p155-166.