|1. Define the Problem||2. Review the Literature||3. Formulate a Hypothesis or Problem Statement||4. Select a Research Design|
|5. Carry Out the Research||6. Interpret the Research||7. Report the Research||8. Repeat|
Identifying a compelling research question is the first step to a successful research project. What issue, problem, or topic are you interested in exploring?
This worksheet will guide you through the process of developing your research question.
This video and powerpoint are additional resources to help you develop a research question.
The purpose of conducting research is to "fill in the gaps" of our knowledge about a particular field or subject, to identify a new problem, or to "test" a new solution or recommendation for an existing issue or phenomenon.
To frame your research project, and to ensure that your research question has not already been examined, you must conduct a literature review.
Depending on your research question and methodology, you will be required to formulate a research hypothesis OR a problem statement based on your research question.
A research hypothesis is an educated prediction that provides an explanation for an observable (measurable) event or condition. Learn more about how to develop a research hypothesis.
A problem statement is both a reiteration of the problem that the study will address and the justification for studying the problem. Learn more about how to develop a problem statement.
Deciding what you will research will help to determine how you will design your research project.
Explore this website to learn more about different types of research approaches.
Now you can finally conduct your research!
For many, this is the most enjoyable part of the process; but, it's also the step that requires the greatest attention to detail to ensure that your research design and methods are followed accurately - to generate good data - and that the research is conducted ethically.
Read more about how to be a responsible researcher.
Once your experiment has concluded and/or data have been collected, it is time to analyze the data using methods determined by your research methodology and design. Next, you must interpret the results.
The purpose of research is to share knowledge.
Once your research has concluded, it is important to share your results. You might write an article for publication, prepare a white paper, or present your research at a conference either as part of a panel discussion or a poster presentation.
Here are some tips for designing a better research poster.
Research is an iterative process.
New knowledge leads to more questions, further research, and the generation of more new knowledge.
So, return to Step 1 and enjoy a new research experience!