Today, a lone skyscraper. The University of Houston's College of Engineering
presents this series about the machines that make our civilization
run, and the people whose ingenuity created them.
are notoriously social creatures. They
seem to have a herd instinct as strong as cows or sheep. They gather together
to form skylines. That's why, when we first came to Houston and saw a building
rising to the west of town, we didn't expect much. But this one kept going --
up and up.
By 1983, it towered nine hundred feet above us. It left us all gaping each time
we looked its direction. Today, it's Texas' fourth tallest building, yet it still
sits, alone. No other skyscraper ever joined it. What happened to that herd instinct?
It was first called Transco Tower for its main tenant, and it laid claim
to the west Houston horizon. Now a new tenant gives it a new name, Williams Tower,
but that cuts little ice. Transco got there first and that name lingers in everyone's
mind just as the sight of the building does. It's visible for over twenty miles by day
and we all use it as a navigational beacon. At night a huge rotating beacon literally
guides us from miles away.
Transco, or Williams, Tower is more than just big; its neo-art-deco lines are really
lovely. Small wonder -- the great architect Philip Johnson had a big hand in designing
it. If it'd been built fifty years earlier, in New York, it would've been faced with
stone. Now the same appearance has cleverly been wrought in glass. The stark vertical
lines are actually vertical rows of windows angled outward. The building is one huge
There's more: The 64-story tower is really two buildings, one on top of the other. The
upper floors are served by their own elevator banks from the first floor. The
lower ones are served separately from a second floor lobby. We see no divide from
outside, nor are we aware of the observation lobby on the fifty-first floor. We see only
pure vertical lines. Small wonder that a would-be King Kong -- a man in a gorilla suit
and armed with suction cups -- tried to scale the Tower in 1985. He got to the 20th floor
before police were able to stop him. So this lonely minaret beckons.
It has another feature that its more social skyscraper
cousins lack. The building faces, not a busy street, but a three-acre green
field, lined with live oak trees. On a Sunday afternoon students sit and read, a young
bridesmaid poses for a photographer, kids play ball. This could be rural England.
At the far end of the green, a 60-foot, semi-circular water wall rises behind a triple
archway. We stand with the water shushing at our back, and look at the Tower through one
arch. It seems to race against the scudding clouds. Reality bends for a while.
If we tell ourselves that we've just seen the world's largest lone-standing skyscraper we
blunt the moment -- turn it into a statistic. What really matters is the pure visual impact
of standing so close to anything so large and still being able to see it fully.
I'm John Lienhard, at the University of Houston,
where we're interested in the way inventive minds
For more on Transco/Williams Tower,
see this website.
All photos by JHL